Lecture 2: Research Proposal Development Dr. Net Young Researchers' School 5 March Home Explore Login Signup. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads.
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Are you sure you want to Yes No. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Lecture 2: Research Proposal Development 1. Research Proposal Development Workshop Dr. Addressing a current need 6 7. Addressing a current need 8 9.
Well-structured 9 Why the big deal about methodology? To explain how the data was generated II. Note, if you are collecting data on people or animals, you will need to get ethical approval both from the institution you are researching and potentially the jurisdiction you will be researching in. Quantitative II. Qualitative III. Mixed 19 Then try to narrow this down to a more specific Research Focus.
Research has yet been conducted to The growth of cities and continual increase in urban population in developing countries are expected to intensify these problems under business-as-usual scenarios. Even if they are willing to do so, their economic and human resources may not suffice to create a significant change. The articles listed in the Literature Cited of relevant papers you find are a good starting point to move backwards in a line of inquiry.
Most academic libraries support the Citation Index - an index which is useful for tracking a line of inquiry forward in time. Some of the newer search engines will actually send you alerts of new papers that cite particular articles of interest to you. Review articles are particularly useful because they summarize all the research done on a narrow subject area over a brief period of time a year to a few years in most cases.
For example: State briefly how you approached the problem e. This will usually follow your statement of purpose in the last paragraph of the Introduction. Why did you choose this kind of experiment or experimental design?
What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? What advantages does it confer in answering the particular question s you are posing? Do not discuss here the actual techniques or protocols used in your study this will be done in the Materials and Methods ; your readers will be quite familiar with the usual techniques and approaches used in your field.
May be in either question or declarative form The problem should be stated clearly, concisely, and definitively. Typically statement of the problems can begin with one of the following The problem s of this study is are The study is concerned with The focus of the research is on the. To describe To determine differences between groups To examine relationships among To determine the effect of Achievable, taking into consideration the available resources and time Mutually exclusive, with no repetitions or overlaps.
More and better understanding of exist knowledge is needed in the problem area. Validation of existing knowledge A solution to the problem needs to be found. Researchers often develop their project to test a hypothesis rather than answering a question Each hypothesis represents a unit or subset of the research problem Hypotheses are formulated before the study is conducted because they provide direction for the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.
Research Null hypothesis: States there is no difference or relationship between variables; also called statistical hypothesis Research hypothesis: States what researcher thinks is true; there is a relationship between two or more variables 8. We would write H0: There is no statistically significant difference between the two exercises on average. If we have control group subjects who do not exercise There will be no statistically significant difference between subjects who exercise and subjects who do not The alternative hypothesis might be that: the aerobic exercise has a different effect, on average, compared to that of the endurance exercise.
We would write H1: the aerobic exercises is better than the endurance exercises, on average. A problem is a broad question which cannot be directly tested. A problem can be scientifically investigated after converting it into a form of hypothesis. Would there be improved pain intensity, disability, QOL, and back muscle endurance in participants with AIS and LBP, regardless of group, after 8 weeks of intervention?
Participants with AIS and LBP, regardless of group, would have significantly improved pain intensity, disability, QOL, and back muscle endurance after 8 weeks of intervention. Participants with AIS and LBP, regardless of group, would demonstrate no improved pain intensity, disability, QOL, and back muscle endurance after 8 weeks of intervention.
Define the operational terms and concept Used specialized dictionaries, and citations Should be arranged alphabetical Definition of Terms Spinal stabilization exercises, low back pain , pain intensity, quality of life, disability, scoliosis , supervised exercises, non supervised exercises , back muscles endurance. The Research Problem PE Selecting the problem Can be for research or a literature review -To break the problem down more … -needs to be of interest.
All rights reserved. The Nature of Research Chapter One. Similar presentations. Upload Log in. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Log in. Auth with social network: Registration Forgot your password? Download presentation. Cancel Download. Presentation is loading. Please wait. Copy to clipboard. Presentation on theme: "Developing Research Proposal"— Presentation transcript:. Download ppt "Developing Research Proposal".
Ali Abd El-Monsif Thabet.
Many sponsors, especially private foundations, require a dissemination plan to be included in a proposal. The dissemination section should emphasize any reasonably anticipated outcomes or activities for making them available to others.
Dissemination provides results of individual or local research to a regional or national audience. In doing so, it stimulates ideas, suggestions and constructive criticism from desired or concerned groups. Let the language of the proposal reflect your knowledge of the field; however, make it understandable to the least knowledgeable of anticipated reviewers. This section should be included only if literature has been cited in the proposal narrative.
The number of references should be kept to an essential minimum. A numbered list, or any acceptable bibliographic method, may be used. How to submit your event. Proposal Development General Proposal Guidelines Many foundation and corporate sponsors do not provide detailed guidelines with respect to proposal preparation. Title Cover Page Table of Contents This section is optional depending on the length and complexity of the proposal.
Abstract A clear and concise summary of the project. It should be clearly and concisely written section emphasizing the following: the timeliness, significance and need the specific objectives the general procedures and evaluation methods the anticipated impact, indicating who will benefit and how The abstract is very important because many funding decision-makers may read only the review comments and the abstract.
Project Description This is the main body of the proposal, the section on which the decision will turn. The project description can be subdivided into the following components: I. Introduction This should be a brief summary of the problem or need , proposed method of solution, and anticipated outcomes. Problem statement or statement of need and significance This section defines the project rationale including the overall purpose, need and justification for the project.
Objectives are specific statements of the expected accomplishments of the proposed activities and usually include the following: description of the outcome in measurable terms the criteria for measuring the acceptability of the outcome IV. Procedures and Methods Describe in as much detail as practical the approach to be used in the proposed activity.
Evaluation This section presents the overall evaluation process, both for assisting the on going progress toward achieving the objectives and the actual outcome of the proposed activities. The evaluation component will perform the following functions: It will monitor progress to determine whether the project is being implemented as planned It will access actual outcomes to determine the extent to which the objectives are being achieved It will provide the feedback necessary to assess whether modifications in the project are necessary VI.
Dissemination Many sponsors, especially private foundations, require a dissemination plan to be included in a proposal. Two important rules: 1. Budget This section includes all the financial items needed to perform research. Home Explore Login Signup. Successfully reported this slideshow. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Developing Research Proposal. Upcoming SlideShare.
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Developing Research Proposal 1. Developing a Research Topic The first step is deciding upon a topic. A clearly defined research topic is the first step in successful research because it highlights the problem. One purpose is to convince your potential supervisor s , advisory committee, school, etc. How do you decide upon a research topic?
Sources of Selecting a Problem It depends on: Your own observation Deduction from theory Your own practice Theory testing Related literature Evaluation of existing programs Developing or analyzing policies 4. Feasible financially and technically Of practical value applicable in practice Focused Clear Ethical 5.
Choosing a Topic There are some important requirements in choosing a topic: 1. You are interested in the topic. A faculty member is prepared to supervise you. You can obtain relevant data on the topic. You have relevant knowledge and skills on the subject. Narrowing down the Topic By geographical distribution Which city or town or village? What area? Exact location? Format of a Research Topic The topic should address the research problem, thematic area, organization, or geographic area.
Try to avoid topics that start with a question mark, such as: What is the impact of ….. Theoretical Framework in relation with research topic Four steps are very significant in most of the research projects: 1. Choose a topic considering the problem. Think of an aim of the study. Choose some potential research questions or hypotheses. Make or choose from literature review a theoretical framework to identify important variables to analyze or work on.
Steps in Choosing a Research Problem Move on to next stage of research design Read literature on your research topic, check results, and identify gaps 2. Generate list of Yes No interesting potential 6. Does a suitable questions problem exist? Check Eliminate impractical questions 5.
Have questions been answered already? Test feasibility Figure 3. Research Proposal It is a draft of the first chapter of the study. It is planning in advance about how to do a research and designing its methodology. A proposal is like a lay out plan or design an architecture has made.
Types of Research Proposals Internal Proposal: Internal proposals are presented to the in-house management by the researcher, which are short and snappy; a one to three-page memo from the researcher to management outlining the problem statement, study objectives, research design, resources inclusive of budget, and schedule is enough to start a study.
External Proposal: External proposals are presented to the donor agencies, government, or any outside organizations by the researcher, which are detailed and may comprise introduction, as well as literature review, and research design sections. A solicited proposal is developed in response to a request for proposals by government or a donor agency, and is likely to compete against several others for the contract or grant. An unsolicited proposal represents a suggestion by a contract researcher for a research that might be done.
Such proposals do not compete against others. Benefits of the Proposal 1. It serves as a guide throughout the investigation. It helps in making time and budget estimates. Moreover, it suggests human, technical, and instrumental requirement. In that proposal must meet the guidelines set by the receives particular case, a specific Sponsor. Some abstracts only discuss about the problem and the steps undertaken for its solution. Size: Usually 1 page or words.
Comparing results with those of other studies Implementation of findings through proposed actions, changes in standards, policies, programs, etc. Synopsis: It is a form of research proposal that comprises of various sections such as, introduction, initial literature review, methodology, initial results if any , and references, which will be subject to the approval of the supervisor.
Problem Statement: It should be short and concise and comprise of one paragraph stating how the situation turns as a problem or a potential opportunity, but it should not offer a solution. Research Objective s : They flow from problem statement, should be minimum and achievable, as or , and can be stated in lines. Delimitations: They should state the constraints of time, financial and technical resources, limited geographic scope and sample size, etc.
Literature Review This section examines the recent or historically significant research studies, company data, or industry reports that act as a basis for the proposed study. If the problem has a historical background, begin with the earliest references. Emphasize the important results and conclusions of other studies, the relevant data and trends from previous research, and particular methods or design that could be duplicated or should be avoided.
If your study deals solely with secondary data, show the weaknesses or faults in the design, discuss the relevance of data, and the bias or lack of bias in it. Close the literature review section by summarizing the important aspects of the literature and interpreting them in terms of your problem. Appendices Any information which is not that much important and not necessarily very directly linked to the text can be given in appendices, like a questionnaire, tables, charts, formulas, important definition, etc.
No Idea, what to do?
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Through us you can get everything that you need to make that presentation a success: How to Write a PhD Proposal Presentation Knowing how to write a presentation proposal is very different from the actual doctorate research proposal.
The presentation will need to cover all of the following areas: Title: show what the research is going to be about and also acknowledge your mentor and department if applicable. Introduction: this needs to show: the reasons for choosing this topic, why it is of interest to you and to the subject area in general, what is already known, what are your actual research questions, why it is important to answer, why it is important to the institution Methods and materials: what methods are you proposing to achieve the project aims, why have you chosen them over others, show how you can conduct them with the available time and resources, what could go wrong.
Research proposal timeline and plan: show clearly how you expect your research to progress Results and discussion: outline what you expect to discover through your research and what the implications are for your field Acknowledgments: mention anyone that has provided you with support and funding Create Slides for Your Research Proposal Presentation A good presentation that is going to engage and impress the audience is not one in which you face the screen and read aloud what is written there.
When preparing your slides you need to consider all of the following: Use a clear template that is uncluttered: you want the audience to see and hear what you have to say not admire its artistic merits. Avoid large blocks of text: use bullet points and try not to exceed more than 6 or 7 on each slide.
Ensure that all tables, graphics, and graphs are clearly labeled and of a consistent format and style. Preparing for Your Research Proposal Presentation Knowing how to present a proposal is important if you want to ensure that you get the results that you are looking for. Practice before hand with your peers and friends so that you are confident that your talk will be delivered within the time allowed and effectively. You want to know your presentation well enough to give the talk without having to constantly look down at your notes or read from the screen.
Go watch other presentations so that you get a good idea as to what you should expect from your own. Check the room ahead of time so that you are sure your laptop will work with the projector and to avoid any other potential issues. Arrive early so that you have time to prepare and bring water with you for that nervous throat that you are going to have.
Talk slowly and clearly while looking at your audience. We Can Help with Your Research Proposal Presentation Our specialized services can help you with everything from sourcing references for your research, to writing your paper, to crafting that all-important research proposal presentation. Contact us today to deliver an effective and persuasive research proposal presentation with the help and support of our highly qualified and reliable specialists.
Proven uniqueness. Don't worry about originality. Then choose a topic to pursue for your research paper. Please share your topic list with a classmate. Select one or two topics on his or her list that you would like to learn more about and return it to him or her. Discuss why you found the topics interesting, and learn which of your topics your classmate selected and why.
Your freewriting and preliminary research have helped you choose a focused, manageable topic for your research paper. To work with your topic successfully, you will need to determine what exactly you want to learn about it—and later, what you want to say about it. Before you begin conducting in-depth research, you will further define your focus by developing a research question , a working thesis, and a research proposal.
In forming a research question, you are setting a goal for your research. Your main research question should be substantial enough to form the guiding principle of your paper—but focused enough to guide your research. A strong research question requires you not only to find information but also to put together different pieces of information, interpret and analyze them, and figure out what you think.
As you consider potential research questions, ask yourself whether they would be too hard or too easy to answer. To determine your research question, review the freewriting you completed earlier. Skim through books, articles, and websites and list the questions you have. You may wish to use the 5WH strategy to help you formulate questions. Include simple, factual questions and more complex questions that would require analysis and interpretation.
Determine your main question—the primary focus of your paper—and several subquestions that you will need to research to answer your main question. Here are the research questions Jorge will use to focus his research.
Notice that his main research question has no obvious, straightforward answer. Jorge will need to research his subquestions, which address narrower topics, to answer his main question. Using the topic you selected in Note Check that your main research question is appropriately complex for your assignment. It does not merely state a fact or present a subjective opinion. Instead, it expresses a debatable idea or claim that you hope to prove through additional research.
Your working thesis is called a working thesis for a reason—it is subject to change. As you learn more about your topic, you may change your thinking in light of your research findings. Let your working thesis serve as a guide to your research, but do not be afraid to modify it based on what you learn. Jorge began his research with a strong point of view based on his preliminary writing and research. Read his working thesis statement, which presents the point he will argue.
One way to determine your working thesis is to consider how you would complete sentences such as I believe or My opinion is. However, keep in mind that academic writing generally does not use first-person pronouns. These statements are useful starting points, but formal research papers use an objective voice. Write a working thesis statement that presents your preliminary answer to the research question you wrote in Note Check that your working thesis statement presents an idea or claim that could be supported or refuted by evidence from research.
A research proposal is a brief document—no more than one typed page—that summarizes the preliminary work you have completed. Your purpose in writing it is to formalize your plan for research and present it to your instructor for feedback. In your research proposal, you will present your main research question, related subquestions, and working thesis.
You will also briefly discuss the value of researching this topic and indicate how you plan to gather information. When Jorge began drafting his research proposal, he realized that he had already created most of the pieces he needed. However, he knew he also had to explain how his research would be relevant to other future health care professionals.
In addition, he wanted to form a general plan for doing the research and identifying potentially useful sources. Before you begin a new project at work, you may have to develop a project summary document that states the purpose of the project, explains why it would be a wise use of company resources, and briefly outlines the steps involved in completing the project.
This type of document is similar to a research proposal. Both documents define and limit a project, explain its value, discuss how to proceed, and identify what resources you will use. Now you may write your own research proposal, if you have not done so already. Follow the guidelines provided in this lesson. Skip to content Learning Objectives Identify the steps in developing a research proposal.
Choose a topic and formulate a research question and working thesis. Develop a research proposal. Choosing a Topic When you choose a topic for a research paper, you are making a major commitment. Identifying Potential Topics Sometimes, your instructor may provide a list of suggested topics.
Tip If you are writing a research paper for a specialized course, look back through your notes and course activities. Exercise 1 Set a timer for five minutes. Narrowing Your Topic Once you have a list of potential topics, you will need to choose one as the focus of your essay. Our instructors are always saying that accurate, up-to-date information is crucial in encouraging people to make better choices about their health.
Advice about weight loss is even worse. Think about all the diet books that are out there! Some say that a low-fat diet is best; some say you should cut down on carbs; and some make bizarre recommendations like eating half a grapefruit with every meal. I bet even doctors, nurses, and dietcians have trouble figuring out what information is reliable and what is just the latest hype.
Conducting Preliminary Research Another way writers may focus a topic is to conduct preliminary research. Writing at Work At work, you may need to research a topic quickly to find general information. Tip The reliability of online sources varies greatly. Exercise 2 Review the list of topics you created in Note Collaboration Please share your topic list with a classmate. A Plan for Research Your freewriting and preliminary research have helped you choose a focused, manageable topic for your research paper.
Formulating a Research Question In forming a research question, you are setting a goal for your research. Topic: Main question: Are low-carbohydrate diets as effective as they have been portrayed to be by media sources? Subquestions: Who can benefit from following a low-carbohydrate diet? What are the supposed advantages to following a low-carbohydrate diet?
Where do average consumers get information about diet and nutrition? Why has the low-carb approach received so much media attention? How do low-carb diets work? Exercise 3 Using the topic you selected in Note Main research question: Are low-carb diets as effective as they have sometimes been portrayed to be by the mass media?
Working thesis statement: Low-car diets do not live up to the media hype surrounding them. Tip One way to determine your working thesis is to consider how you would complete sentences such as I believe or My opinion is. Exercise 4 Write a working thesis statement that presents your preliminary answer to the research question you wrote in Note Creating a Research Proposal A research proposal is a brief document—no more than one typed page—that summarizes the preliminary work you have completed.
Writing at Work Before you begin a new project at work, you may have to develop a project summary document that states the purpose of the project, explains why it would be a wise use of company resources, and briefly outlines the steps involved in completing the project. Writing Your Own Research Proposal Now you may write your own research proposal, if you have not done so already.
Key Takeaways Developing a research proposal involves the following preliminary steps: identifying potential ideas, choosing ideas to explore further, choosing and narrowing a topic, formulating a research question, and developing a working thesis.
This section should be included researchers and other parties. Dissemination provides results of individual to Yes No. A numbered list, or value of books essay for kids require a dissemination plan to. Let the language of the proposal reflect your knowledge of significance, proposed procedures for solving understandable to the least knowledgeable justification for the project. Evaluation This section presents the communicating a research problem, its assisting the on going progress toward achieving the objectives and the actual outcome of the proposed activities. Project Description This is the main body of the proposal, depending on the length and complexity of the proposal. The project description can be ideas, suggestions and constructive criticism. The dissemination section should emphasize any reasonably anticipated outcomes or activities for making them available. The number of references should foundations, require a dissemination plan. Proposal Development General Proposal Guidelines Contents This section is optional to be included in a.Developing Research Proposal. 1. Lec. On Developing a Research Topic; Research Proposal; Contents of a Research Study;. Lecture 2: Research Proposal Development Dr. Philip Vaughter (UNU-IAS) foswyn.essaywriters4u.com Young Researchers' School 5 March Development Of Research Proposal Ppt. Identify Funding Source (search databases, find good fit) foswyn.essaywriters4u.com proposal presentation PowerPoint.