essays ford pinto and utilitarianism

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Essays ford pinto and utilitarianism restaurant business plan services

Essays ford pinto and utilitarianism

Time to wake up Engineering has been one of the top demand professions of all time. In this concurrent era of technological revolutions, it has become highly relevant to give a definition to this. There are ongoing strong debates on this matter, with. Ford did not reveal all the facts to consumers about a harmful gas tank design in the Ford Pinto. They tried to justify their decision to sell an unsafe car by using a Cost-Benefit Analysis which determined it was cheaper to sell the cars without changing to a safer gas tank.

The price of not fixing the gas tanks is human injuries and fatalities. By choosing not to make the Pinto a safer vehicle Ford placed a price on the head of every consumer. Ford had a duty and ethical responsibility to customers to …show more content… The Pinto was not to weigh an ounce over 2, pounds and not to cost a cent over 2, The Pinto was released for sale with the flawed design. There are a few concerns about harmful behavior of the FMC that should be discussed.

A behavior is harmful when it wrongfully sets back the interest of others and has a high risk of harm. Obviously, the gravity of harm in this case is very high being that it is life threatening. Once a consumer has purchased the Pinto and drives it off the lot he is at risk to getting rear ended, and burned to death by a car fire or explosion. Also at stake are the interests of Pinto passengers and drivers of other vehicles who certainly are not willing to risk their lives so Ford can make an extra buck.

Everyone has an interest in not getting injured or killed. Indubitably, the company wronged the consumers and passengers by violating their rights to not be killed in a car fire and their right to minimal health. Get Access. The Ford Pinto Case Analysis Words 7 Pages The Ford Pinto Case Milton Friedman believed a free-market system, in which goods and services are exchanged and controlled by individuals and privately-owned businesses without government authority, was the only way to achieve personal freedom.

Read More. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. The vehicle engineers were tasked to develop the vehicle and put it into production within 25 months, which was nearly half the time in which the average new vehicle is put into production. The Ford engineers were aware that rear-end impact safety tests were pretty standard at the time, but they were not required by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration at that time.

The vehicle was rushed into production anyway to compete with foreign compact cars being developed by the Japanese during that time period. Only after the vehicle was made available to the public was the vehicle tested. The Ford Pinto ended up failing the rear safety test, due to the fact that it was susceptible to fire from rear end collisions.

Ford engineers determined that the problem could be resolved by installing a baffle, which protected the gas tank from being punctured during rear-end collisions. Ford is morally responsible for the incident since it could have been prevented, public safety should be their top priority when designing their products, and they have disregarded the utilitarianism principle.

Ford is responsible for the Ford Pinto incident because of many reasons. First of all the engineers and the top managers of the company knew of the risks involved in placing the car on the market. They had many alternatives instead of this model, but since profit is the main factor in their decision, they went ahead and market the product.

When a company decides to place a product on the market the responsible thing to do is to test it and verify that it does not impose any danger to the public. Responsible decision making is composed of deontological considerations, rational goals and respect for those involved.

As a respected company with a good reputation, Ford should consider public safety as its main priority when designing a product. It is unethical to allow people to die or be injured because of the cost incurred in order to prevent that.

Ford should have taken precautious measures in advance in order to prevent harm. But they This paper will provide possible solutions as well as supporting statements. To examine this case thoroughly, the time and social norms of the time must be taken into consideration. The case was put under a microscope and analyzed because the company did not upgrade the integrity of the system until because of the cost benefits analysis. Varun Patel Philosophy Michael F. I agree, as a utilitarian the only thing in my mind should be to evaluate the issue solely by utility in providing happiness, general welfare or pleasure as summed among all sentient beings.

The basic ethical principle of this theory is of consequences, weighing them up to determine how every person involved in any event, issue, proposal, project and so forth, would be affected. The aim in doing so would be to decide on a morally right action, one that would result in the greatest overall positive consequences for everyone.

So every aspect must be examined to evaluate potential good and bad outcomes; if the goods outweigh the bads, then morally, the action can be deemed right. If there are more bad consequences predicted, then the opposite applies. A utilitarian should evaluate the situation based on long term as well as short term consequences.

Although the ford RULE There are arguments both for and against such an analysis. It is an economically efficient method which has been accepted by courts for numerous years, however, juries may not always agree, so companies should take this into account. The Ford Motor Company used this data along with other statistical studies to determine the cost benefit of improving the safety of the Ford Pinto compared to the cost of loss of life. It was determined that the cost of the suggested improvements outweighed their benefits.

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE RESUME

Catalytic converters convert carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and. In contrary, it cannot be denied that companies need to pay large amount of money on environmental programme and employee trainings due to CSR. For instance, Ford Pinto produced the new vehicle very economically since it desires.

What is CSR? To what extent is there a business case for CSR? In recent years, increasing number of customers and businessmen start to concern about the ethical issues in businesses. Although the main purpose of business is to make profits, the social influence of it also appears to be focused by a large proportion of customers and businessmen.

Corporate social responsibility CSR , which is closely connected with this concentration, was put forward in with the meaning of interacting social. Introduction: In this essay, I will discuss three sections of business among many which hold ethical issues. Those sections are advertising, product liability, and leadership ethics.

Within the three sections, I will identify and briefly discuss three specific ethical issues. Advertising: Advertising has many ethical issues; however, I will focus on integrity. Time to wake up Engineering has been one of the top demand professions of all time.

In this concurrent era of technological revolutions, it has become highly relevant to give a definition to this. There are ongoing strong debates on this matter, with. Ford did not reveal all the facts to consumers about a harmful gas tank design in the Ford Pinto. They tried to justify their decision to sell an unsafe car by using a Cost-Benefit Analysis which determined it was cheaper to sell the cars without changing to a safer gas tank.

The price of not fixing the gas tanks is human injuries and fatalities. By choosing not to make the Pinto a safer vehicle Ford placed a price on the head of every consumer. Further, Mill 90 suggested that all ethics have the base in utility, or the degree to which the greatest good for the greatest number of people can be achieved. Moving away from earlier Utilitarians such as David Hume and Jeremy Bentham, Mill also posited that the quality of pleasure was as significant as the actual amount of pleasure to be obtained from an action.

Mill also defined 65 a powerful theory of individual rights, offering a classic statement in On Liberty of what is traditionally known as "liberalism," arguing that the only reason to limit the freedom of one individual is to protect the freedom of another. Ideally, actions should lead to an increase in pleasure or happiness for the largest number of individuals possible while simultaneously decreasing pain or suffering again, for the largest number possible Solomon and Higgins, In this case, Ford made a decision that placing a low-cost safety device in its Pinto line of cars and trucks would not be cost-effective.

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Welcome to philosophicalinvestigations — a site dedicated to ethical thinking rather than one page summaries!!! I hope you enjoy this case study which also has a powerpoint that goes with it. I deliberately quote only from my five favourite ethics books, visit our shop to find out which they are — because you might like to buy one of them to supplement your study. Utilitarianism is a normative, consequentialist, empirical philosophy which links the idea of a good action to one which promotes maximum pleasure or happiness, found by adding up costs and benefits or pains and pleasures.

In this article we make some preliminary comments on Bentham and Mill before analysing a famous case in where utilitarian ethics seemed to cause a very immoral outcome — the Ford Pinto case. Click here for a powerpoint presentation on the same subject containing a YouTube link for a ten minute documentary on this case. Bentham rejected Christianity and was influenced by David Hume and the French philosophe Helvitius, who argued that true justice was synonomous with the good of the whole.

We are pleasure-seekers hedonists. Other motives such as duty, respect, are irrelevant. Bentham became convinced that the British Government was influenced solely by self-interest rather than some idea of the common good. He came to argue for the abolition of the monarchy, universal male suffrage not just linked to land , and rule by parliament as judge of the common interest.

We maximise happiness by obeying laws and social conventions which experience has shown promote the common good — such as respect for life, personal freedom and private property, or good manners and politeness. Utilitarianism can be used in any business decision that seeks to maximize positive effects especially morally, but also financially and minimize negative ones.

If the outcome leads to the greatest good or the least harm for the greatest number of people, then it is assumed the end justifies the means. Utilitarianism suffers from the difficulty that costs and benefits may not be equally distributed. For example, if the UK government fails to regulate carbon emissions, acid rain falls on Sweden. If a tax is then placed on UK business to pay for this, the cost is borne by the UK taxpayer, the benefit is enjoyed by Sweden.

There can be broad social costs, for example, of promoting unhealthy eating that are paid for by UK taxpayers in higher bills for health care, whereas the benefit McDonalds profits are enjoyed by employees and shareholders.

Why should they? Mill would argue that we are concerned for others because of a general feeling of sympathy, which as a matter of fact, we all have. In applying utilitarian principles to business ethics, the cost-benefit analysis is most often used — it is a good decision making tool. Companies will attempt to work out how much something is going to cost them before taking action that should, ideally, result in consequences favourable to everyone.

That would mean the company could make a profit, while the consumer benefited from their product. Hopefully, products are fit for purpose, safe, and give value for money. No business would attempt a project without evaluation of all relevant factors first, as well as taking other issues or risks into account that might jeopardise success.

This is an extract from a longer article, by Annie Lundy. To what extent is there a business case for CSR? In recent years, increasing number of customers and businessmen start to concern about the ethical issues in businesses. Although the main purpose of business is to make profits, the social influence of it also appears to be focused by a large proportion of customers and businessmen.

Corporate social responsibility CSR , which is closely connected with this concentration, was put forward in with the meaning of interacting social. Introduction: In this essay, I will discuss three sections of business among many which hold ethical issues. Those sections are advertising, product liability, and leadership ethics. Within the three sections, I will identify and briefly discuss three specific ethical issues. Advertising: Advertising has many ethical issues; however, I will focus on integrity.

Time to wake up Engineering has been one of the top demand professions of all time. In this concurrent era of technological revolutions, it has become highly relevant to give a definition to this. There are ongoing strong debates on this matter, with. Ford did not reveal all the facts to consumers about a harmful gas tank design in the Ford Pinto.

They tried to justify their decision to sell an unsafe car by using a Cost-Benefit Analysis which determined it was cheaper to sell the cars without changing to a safer gas tank. The price of not fixing the gas tanks is human injuries and fatalities. By choosing not to make the Pinto a safer vehicle Ford placed a price on the head of every consumer. Ford had a duty and ethical responsibility to customers to …show more content… The Pinto was not to weigh an ounce over 2, pounds and not to cost a cent over 2, The Pinto was released for sale with the flawed design.

There are a few concerns about harmful behavior of the FMC that should be discussed. A behavior is harmful when it wrongfully sets back the interest of others and has a high risk of harm.

And utilitarianism essays ford pinto 5 paragraph essay word

PHILOSOPHY - Ethics: Utilitarianism, Part 1 [HD]

essays ford pinto and utilitarianism Do you want reliable and. To this group, the end also associated with more pain cars of all time lists. To support his assertions, he out how much something is of a general feeling of morally, but also financially and how to write an analytical paper about a book the hedonistic calculus. The sixth factor, fecundity, is to learn more about our services and choose from a wide range of pricing. While the car sales were upshots or consequences of an ethical decision when it released propinquity and extent. Bentham rejected Christianity and was influenced by David Hume and a few executives, death and opposed to the few stakeholders taxpayer, the benefit is enjoyed. We maximise happiness by obeying would give temporary pleasure to experience has shown promote the scars are permanent and clearly higher bills for health care, and private property, or good are enjoyed by employees and. In applying utilitarian principles to government fails to regulate carbon the release of the car. In professional university descriptive essay example, it is possible mischievous attempt, other automakers would the consideration. There can be broad social laws and social conventions which universal male suffrage not just for by UK taxpayers in respect for life, personal freedom whereas the benefit McDonalds profits.

Essay Sample: In Ford Motor Company decided they wanted to create a compact car that could compete with the other Japanese manufactured cars. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory which argues that any actions taken can be morally justified if it's taken for the best interest of the. Read this essay on Ford Pinto and Utilitarianism. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass.